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    Docker 安装 MongoDB

    Docker 安装 MongoDB

    方法一、docker pull mongo

    查找 Docker Hub 上的 mongo 镜像

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker search mongo
    NAME                              DESCRIPTION                      STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED
    mongo                             MongoDB document databases ...   1989      [OK]
    mongo-express                     Web-based MongoDB admin int...   22        [OK]
    mvertes/alpine-mongo              light MongoDB container          19                   [OK]
    mongooseim/mongooseim-docker      MongooseIM server the lates...   9                    [OK]
    torusware/speedus-mongo           Always updated official Mon...   9                    [OK]
    jacksoncage/mongo                 Instant MongoDB sharded cluster  6                    [OK]
    mongoclient/mongoclient           Official docker image for M...   4                    [OK]
    jadsonlourenco/mongo-rocks        Percona Mongodb with Rocksd...   4                    [OK]
    asteris/apache-php-mongo          Apache2.4 + PHP + Mongo + m...   2                    [OK]
    19hz/mongo-container              Mongodb replicaset for coreos    1                    [OK]
    nitra/mongo                       Mongo3 centos7                   1                    [OK]
    ackee/mongo                       MongoDB with fixed Bluemix p...  1                    [OK]
    kobotoolbox/mongo                 https://github.com/kobotoolb...  1                    [OK]
    valtlfelipe/mongo                 Docker Image based on the la...  1                    [OK]
    

    这里我们拉取官方的镜像,标签为 3.2

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker pull mongo
    

    等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到 REPOSITORY 为 mongo, 标签为 3.2 的镜像。

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker images mongo
    REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
    mongo               latest              63c6b736e399        2 days ago          379MB
    

    方法二、通过 Dockerfile 构建

    创建 Dockerfile

    首先,创建目录 mongo, 用于存放后面的相关东西。

    axihe@axihe:~$ mkdir -p ~/mongo  ~/mongo/db
    

    db 目录将映射为 mongo 容器配置的 /data/db 目录,作为 mongo 数据的存储目录

    进入创建的 mongo 目录,创建 Dockerfile

    FROM debian:jessie-slim
    
    # add our user and group first to make sure their IDs get assigned consistently, regardless of whatever dependencies get added
    RUN groupadd -r mongodb && useradd -r -g mongodb mongodb
    
    RUN apt-get update \
        && apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
            ca-certificates \
            jq \
            numactl \
        && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*
    
    # grab gosu for easy step-down from root (https://github.com/tianon/gosu/releases)
    ENV GOSU_VERSION 1.10
    # grab "js-yaml" for parsing mongod's YAML config files (https://github.com/nodeca/js-yaml/releases)
    ENV JSYAML_VERSION 3.10.0
    
    RUN set -ex; \
        \
        apt-get update; \
        apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
            wget \
        ; \
        rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*; \
        \
        dpkgArch="$(dpkg --print-architecture | awk -F- '{ print $NF }')"; \
        wget -O /usr/local/bin/gosu "https://github.com/tianon/gosu/releases/download/$GOSU_VERSION/gosu-$dpkgArch"; \
        wget -O /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc "https://github.com/tianon/gosu/releases/download/$GOSU_VERSION/gosu-$dpkgArch.asc"; \
        export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)"; \
        gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys B42F6819007F00F88E364FD4036A9C25BF357DD4; \
        gpg --batch --verify /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc /usr/local/bin/gosu; \
        command -v gpgconf && gpgconf --kill all || :; \
        rm -r "$GNUPGHOME" /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc; \
        chmod +x /usr/local/bin/gosu; \
        gosu nobody true; \
        \
        wget -O /js-yaml.js "https://github.com/nodeca/js-yaml/raw/${JSYAML_VERSION}/dist/js-yaml.js"; \
    # TODO some sort of download verification here
        \
        apt-get purge -y --auto-remove wget
    
    RUN mkdir /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d
    
    ENV GPG_KEYS \
    # pub   4096R/AAB2461C 2014-02-25 [expires: 2016-02-25]
    #       Key fingerprint = DFFA 3DCF 326E 302C 4787  673A 01C4 E7FA AAB2 461C
    # uid                  MongoDB 2.6 Release Signing Key
        DFFA3DCF326E302C4787673A01C4E7FAAAB2461C \
    # pub   4096R/EA312927 2015-10-09 [expires: 2017-10-08]
    #       Key fingerprint = 42F3 E95A 2C4F 0827 9C49  60AD D68F A50F EA31 2927
    # uid                  MongoDB 3.2 Release Signing Key
        42F3E95A2C4F08279C4960ADD68FA50FEA312927
    # https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/tutorial/verify-mongodb-packages/#download-then-import-the-key-file
    RUN set -ex; \
        export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)"; \
        for key in $GPG_KEYS; do \
            gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key"; \
        done; \
        gpg --export $GPG_KEYS > /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/mongodb.gpg; \
        command -v gpgconf && gpgconf --kill all || :; \
        rm -r "$GNUPGHOME"; \
        apt-key list
    
    # Allow build-time overrides (eg. to build image with MongoDB Enterprise version)
    # Options for MONGO_PACKAGE: mongodb-org OR mongodb-enterprise
    # Options for MONGO_REPO: repo.mongodb.org OR repo.mongodb.com
    # Example: docker build --build-arg MONGO_PACKAGE=mongodb-enterprise --build-arg MONGO_REPO=repo.mongodb.com .
    ARG MONGO_PACKAGE=mongodb-org
    ARG MONGO_REPO=repo.mongodb.org
    ENV MONGO_PACKAGE=${MONGO_PACKAGE} MONGO_REPO=${MONGO_REPO}
    
    ENV MONGO_MAJOR 3.2
    ENV MONGO_VERSION 3.2.20
    
    RUN echo "deb http://$MONGO_REPO/apt/debian jessie/${MONGO_PACKAGE%-unstable}/$MONGO_MAJOR main" | tee "/etc/apt/sources.list.d/${MONGO_PACKAGE%-unstable}.list"
    
    RUN set -x \
        && apt-get update \
        && apt-get install -y \
            ${MONGO_PACKAGE}=$MONGO_VERSION \
            ${MONGO_PACKAGE}-server=$MONGO_VERSION \
            ${MONGO_PACKAGE}-shell=$MONGO_VERSION \
            ${MONGO_PACKAGE}-mongos=$MONGO_VERSION \
            ${MONGO_PACKAGE}-tools=$MONGO_VERSION \
        && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
        && rm -rf /var/lib/mongodb \
        && mv /etc/mongod.conf /etc/mongod.conf.orig
    
    RUN mkdir -p /data/db /data/configdb \
        && chown -R mongodb:mongodb /data/db /data/configdb
    VOLUME /data/db /data/configdb
    
    COPY docker-entrypoint.sh /usr/local/bin/
    RUN ln -s usr/local/bin/docker-entrypoint.sh /entrypoint.sh # backwards compat
    ENTRYPOINT ["docker-entrypoint.sh"]
    
    EXPOSE 27017
    CMD ["mongod"]
    
    

    通过 Dockerfile 创建一个镜像,替换成你自己的名字

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker build -t mongo:3.2 .
    

    创建完成后,我们可以在本地的镜像列表里查找到刚刚创建的镜像

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker images  mongo:3.2
    REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
    mongo               3.2                 282fd552add6        9 days ago          336.1 MB
    
    

    使用 mongo 镜像

    运行容器

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker run -p 27017:27017 -v $PWD/db:/data/db -d mongo:3.2
    cda8830cad5fe35e9c4aed037bbd5434b69b19bf2075c8626911e6ebb08cad51
    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$
    

    命令说明:

    **-p 27017:27017 :**将容器的 27017 端口映射到主机的 27017 端口

    **-v $PWD/db:/data/db :**将主机中当前目录下的 db 挂载到容器的 /data/db,作为 mongo 数据存储目录

    查看容器启动情况

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker ps
    CONTAINER ID   IMAGE        COMMAND                   ...    PORTS                      NAMES
    cda8830cad5f   mongo:3.2    "/entrypoint.sh mongo"    ...    0.0.0.0:27017->27017/tcp   suspicious_goodall
    
    

    使用 mongo 镜像执行 mongo 命令连接到刚启动的容器,主机 IP 为 172.17.0.1

    axihe@axihe:~/mongo$ docker run -it mongo:3.2 mongo --host 172.17.0.1
    MongoDB shell version: 3.2.7
    connecting to: 172.17.0.1:27017/test
    Welcome to the MongoDB shell.
    For interactive help, type "help".
    For more comprehensive documentation, see
      http://docs.mongodb.org/
    Questions? Try the support group
      http://groups.google.com/group/mongodb-user
    >
    

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